Final Paper Submission

If your abstract has been accepted, and you presented the work at EGen (including Virtual Presentations), you are encouraged to submit a full paper via the online submission system for inclusion in the Conference Proceedings, which will be made available online. Further details of how to submit your paper are provided below.

IAFOR Conference Proceedings are Open Access research repositories that act as permanent records of the research generated by IAFOR conferences. Please note that works published in the Conference Proceedings cannot be considered for publication in IAFOR journals.

Please upload your final paper through the online submission system by August 13, 2024, having thoroughly checked it for errors and formatted it according to the Submission Guidelines below.


  • IAFOR does not accept final papers submitted by email.
  • The full article must be submitted as a MS Word file in DOC or DOCX format (PDF format is not accepted).
  • Before submitting your paper, please ensure that the English used is clear, concise and coherent. This is especially important if English is not your first language.

Submission Guidelines

Download the Final Paper Guidelines and carefully follow the formatting guidelines.

Please format your Conference Proceedings paper according to the following guidelines, style checklist and paper template, and submit it through the online submission system. Papers that do not follow these guidelines will be returned for editing.

Article Structure

Please use the article structure outlined below.

Ensure that your title accurately reflects the contents of your paper and is free of errors.
A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 250 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, references should be avoided, but if essential, cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a minimum of three keywords.
Present the purposes of the study and provide background for your work.
The main body of text. Refer to the below Style Checklist for formatting.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a Conclusions section, which may include the main findings, the implications and limitations.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc.
Collate any acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g. providing language help, writing assistance or proofreading the article, etc.).
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers.
In-text citations

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).

Reference style

Within the text: Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association (APA). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition, ISBN 978-1-4338-0561-5.

List at end of paper: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. Please single space, and indent after the first line of each.

Reference to a journal publication:

Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton, R. A. (2010). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51–59.

Reference to a book:

Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (2000). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York: Longman.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281–304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.

For further details on referencing, please read the APA style guide.

“Rules of Thumb for Writing Research Articles” by Tomislav Hengl and Michael Gould

Style Checklist

  • APA Style Guide
  • 12-point Times New Roman font.
  • All paragraphs and body text justified and single spaced.
  • One line should separate paragraphs or sections. Do not indent paragraphs.
  • Set page size to A4.
  • Margins: Microsoft Word ‘Normal’ (2.54 cm).
  • Manuscripts not to exceed 5,000 words each (excluding tables, figures and references). Manuscripts longer than 5,000 words will be returned for editing.
  • Main headings, subheadings and sub-subheadings should be formatted as in the example below. No more than three levels of headings should be included.
  • All figures must be inserted in a JPEG image format, within the page margins. Centre images. Do not insert loose objects such as arrows, lines, or text boxes. Number and caption below the figure (Figure 1: Caption), centre aligned.
  • Tables should be created within the Microsoft Word document, should fit onto one A4 page and should be numbered and captioned below the table, centre aligned.
  • Bold any section/paragraph headers and left align.
  • Do not use any page headers, footers or page numbers (footnotes are acceptable).
  • Use only portrait layout. Do not include any pages in landscape layout.
  • Corresponding author contact email address should be added to the end of the paper after references. IAFOR is not responsible for unsolicited emails received.
  • Optional: Acknowledgements (max. 150 words) to be included as the last section before reference list.
  • References to be single spaced (indented after first line of reference).
  • Title page information to include:
    • Title of the paper.
    • Author names and affiliations: Provide authors' affiliation details (where the work was done) including full institution name and country.
    • Abstract: A concise and factual abstract not exceeding 250 words is required.
    • Keywords: Immediately following the abstract provide a minimum of three keywords.

Ethical Conduct

IAFOR takes ethical conduct very seriously, and considers any form of plagiarism unacceptable. IAFOR follows guidelines from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) in relation to conference submissions and publications. Papers that contain redundant publication (reusing one's own writing verbatim or in a substantially similar form) or plagiarism (using another author's writing without attribution) will be rejected without further review, and additional action will be taken as appropriate. To verify compliance, submissions may be checked by Crossref Similarity Check and other originality or duplicate checking software.

The Use of Generative AI and AI-assisted Technologies

IAFOR follows Elsevier's AI author policy for use of generative AI and AI-assisted technologies in writing. Authors are allowed to use generative AI and AI-assisted technologies in the writing process before submission, but only to improve the language and readability of their paper and with the appropriate disclosure. This does not apply to the use of basic tools for checking grammar, spelling, references etc.